Child abuse can take many forms, including:
- Physical abuse
- Sexual abuse
- Emotional abuse
Not all types of abuse have visible signs and this can make spotting them difficult. Even when a child has been injured it may not be apparent, other people usually won’t have any idea how it happened.
What is child sexual exploitation?
Child sexual exploitation (CSE) is a type of child abuse where children and young people are sexually exploited for money, power, status or other ‘rewards’.
They may be tricked into believing they’re in a loving, consensual relationship and might be invited to parties and given drugs and alcohol. They may also be groomed online. Some children and young people are trafficked into or around the UK to be sexually exploited and it can also happen within gangs.
Effects of abuse and neglect
Child abuse, especially when it continues over a long period, can have major effects on a child’s health, development and wellbeing. It has a deep impact on their self-image and self-esteem, which often lasts throughout their lives. Victims often don’t discuss or report it for a number of reasons.
They might be embarrassed or ashamed about what has happened to them. Also, they may come under pressure from the offender and even relatives, or worry that talking about it will get somebody they depend on into trouble or embarrass their own family.
It’s vital for you to know that if you are experiencing child abuse or have been a victim in the past, or think you know someone who might be a victim, you are never alone.
What is neglect?
Neglect is the ongoing failure to meet a child’s basic needs. A child may be left hungry or dirty, without adequate clothing, shelter, supervision, medical or health care.